By Victoria Glendinning
Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781-1826) used to be the charismatic and persuasive founding father of Singapore and Governor of Java. An English adventurer, disobedient worker of the East India corporation, utopian imperialist, linguist, zoologist and civil servant, he carved a unprecedented (though short) existence for himself in South East Asia. The tropical, disease-ridden settings of his tale are as dramatic as his personal trajectory - an vague younger guy without benefits except expertise and obsessive force, who replaced background via setting up - with out authority - at the wretchedly unpromising island of Singapore, a payment which has develop into a global urban. After a turbulent time within the East Indies, Raffles lower back to the united kingdom and became to his different nice pursuits - botany and zoology. He based London Zoo in 1826, the 12 months of his loss of life. Raffles continues to be a arguable determine, and within the first biography for over 40 years, Victoria Glendinning charts his prodigious upward thrust in the social and old contexts of his global. His household and private lifestyles was once brilliant and shot via with tragedy. His personal finish was once unhappy, notwithstanding his status immortal.
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Als der 18-jährige Heisenberg in München die ersten Vorlesungen über die Physik im Allgemeinen und die Atome im Besonderen hörte, gab es ein umfassendes Paradigma, das bis heute Bestand hat und besagt, dass die Welt – die materiellen Dinge in und auf ihr – aus Atomen besteht, dass also Elemente wie Kupfer und Sauerstoff aus Kupferbzw. Sauerstoffatomen aufgebaut zu denken sind. Es gab darüber hinaus ein zweites Paradigma (Denkmuster), das sich bald tatsächlich als Brett vorm Kopf erweisen sollte.
50 Werner Heisenberg – ein Wanderer … Die Antwort ist übrigens viel schöner und spannender, als man denkt, und dies wird sich zeigen, nachdem sich die Großen der Physik aus Heisenbergs Tagen über seine Vorschläge gebeugt haben, zu denen es noch einen abschließenden Hinweis geben soll. Der oben erwähnte Mitstreiter um die Atome, der skeptische Pauli, hat sich später in der Geschichte – in den 1930er-Jahren – eher psychologisch ausgerichtete Gedanken über die Frage gemacht, wie neue wissenschaftliche Ideen in die Welt kommen.
Kann ein Mensch nur sehen, was er und seine Artgenossen sich ausdenken und mit einer Form versehen? Vielleicht entsteht eine für Menschen fassbare Welt ausschließlich durch ihn selbst. Ist sie seine Schöpfung? 6 Nacht auf Helgoland Doch bevor diese tief reichenden, philosophischen Fragen heftig an die Tür von Heisenbergs Bewusstsein klopften, galt es, die Aufgaben des Meisters von Atombau und Spektrallinien ernst zu nehmen und weiter an den Rechenkünsten zu arbeiten. So weit die Physik damit gekommen zu sein schien, als Heisenberg und Pauli sich in Sommerfelds Seminar kennenlernten und ihre schwierige Freundschaft fürs Leben schlossen, so langsam ging es in den folgenden Jahren weiter, in denen Heisenberg vornehmlich in Kopenhagen und Göttingen zu finden war, wobei noch im Detail erzählt wird, was er dabei erlebte und wie er dadurch geformt wurde.