By Lisa Iwamoto
Architectural pioneers similar to Frank Gehry and Greg Lynn brought the area to the extraordinary types made attainable by means of electronic fabrication. it truly is now attainable to move designs made on a working laptop or computer to computer-controlled equipment that creates genuine development elements. This "file to factory" technique not just allows architects to achieve projectsfeaturing advanced or double-curved geometries, but in addition liberates architects from a dependence on off-the-shelf development parts, allowing tasks of formerly unbelievable complexity.
Digital Fabrications, the second one quantity in our new structure Briefs sequence, celebrates the layout ingenuity made attainable via electronic fabrication strategies. writer Lisa Iwamoto explores the equipment architects use to calibrate electronic designs with actual varieties. The publication is equipped in accordance with 5 kinds of electronic fabrication innovations: tessellating, sectioning, folding, contouring, and forming. initiatives are proven either of their entire types and in operating drawings, templates, and prototypes, permitting the reader to monitor the method of every marvelous development spread. Digital Fabrications offers tasks designed and equipped via rising practices that pioneer innovations and scan with fabrication procedures on a small scale with a home made angle. Featured architects contain Ammar Eloueini/DIGIT-AL Studio, Elena Manferdini, Brennan greenback, Michael Meredith/MOS, workplace dA, Mafoomby, city A+O, approach Architects, Andrew Kudless, IwamotoScott, Howeler Yoon, Hitoshi Abe, Chris Bosse, Tom Wiscombe/Emergent, Jeremy Ficca, SPAN, city A&O, Gnuform, Heather Roberge, styles, and Servo.
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Additional resources for Digital Fabrications: Architectural and Material Techniques (Architecture Briefs)
These building methods share a similar fabrication process (three-dimensional surfaces are developed—that is, unrolled or unfolded) to make two-dimensional templates for cutting. As it has for other digital methods, software has enabled and streamlined the translation from three dimensions to two. Modeling programs such as Rhinoceros have embedded commands that efficiently unroll singly curved surfaces. There is also a group of commercially available programs Folding 064/065 from left: Office dA, Fabricating Coincidences, Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1998.
It was a time-intensive enterprise, but this aggregative technique fostered vast figural, imagistic, tonal, and geometric variation. Digital technologies have revitalized the design world’s interest in patterning and tessellation because they afford greater variation and modulation through nonstandard manufacturing, even as they provide an inherent economy of means. Working digitally enables movement from one representational format to another—for example, from digital model to vector-line file to manufacturing method.
The organic form of the theater was built with five hundred unique white polycarbonate panels, diamond-shaped and interlocking to create a rigid structure; because they are simply bolted together, they are easily assembled and disassembled. Forces dissipate across the assembled surface, which encloses the theater space, and the modulated ceiling panels are turned inside out to create skylights and, like keystones, structural stability. The panels are three inches in depth and span more than fifteen feet at the center of the theater.