By Charles Coulston Gillispie (ed.) Frederic L. Holmes (editor in chief)
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Additional info for Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol 18. Supplement 2. ALEKSANDR NIKOLAEVICH LEBEDEV - FRITZ ZWICKY
He also received the Squibb Award of the Endocrine Society, the Banting Memorial Medal of the American Diabetes Association, the Schering Scholarship of the Endocrine Society, the Modern Medicine Award, the Scientific Award of the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association, the Medal of Hiroshima University . the Army-Navy Certificate of Appreciation, and a plaque from the Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo University . In 1966 Yale established the C . N . H . Long professorship in his honor . He was a fellow of the John S .
C . OFEORD LONG, CYRIL NORMAN HUGH (b . Nettleton, Wiltshire, England, 19 June 1901, d . Pemaquid Beach, Maine, 6 July 1970), biochemistry, endocrinology . Long was the elder son of John Edward and Rose Fanny Langdill Long . His father, a tax surveyor, had strong interests in history, literature, collecting rare books, and a variety of handicraft hobbies . The parents encouraged their children to participate in intellectual and cultural matters . Sc . Sc . in physiology in 1923, under the tutelage of Archibald Vivian Hill, who had received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for 1922 .
At a given moment a particular molecule may carry a net charge Z ; but all the molecules are constantly exchanging protons with the solvent, and the value of Z for any individual molecule is constantly fluctuating . Hence the charge as mea s ured from the titration curve is a mean value, Z, averaged over all the molecules in the system . Later Lang showed, in his Dunham lectures at Harvard Medical School (1939), that the standard deviation of Z is directly related to the steepness of the titration curve, which gives Z as a function of pH at any point : (1) dZ/dln(H+) = - ItKa) where e is the proton charge, D is the dielectric constant of the solvent, k is Boltzmann's constant, and K is the reciprocal mean distance of the ion atmosphere around the central protein ion in the Debye-Huckel theory .