By Cyril M. Harris
Up-to-date and elevated, this Fourth version of the main depended on reference in structure bargains the main entire insurance of architectural and development phrases to be had. This vintage dictionary now gains approximately 25,000 definitions (including 2,800 new terms), 2,500 illustrations (including two hundred new illustrations), and continues its striking appearance and easy-to-read web page layout. ready through a well known architectural editor in organization with professional individuals and incorporating the paintings of many criteria teams, the publication offers transparent, concise definitions of phrases in approximately eighty operating parts. The Fourth variation covers new phrases that have emerged because of adjustments in engineering and development applied sciences, agencies, fabrics, and felony advancements, and has been elevated to incorporate extra ancient architectural types.
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Extra info for Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (4th Edition)
These eras are characterized by the number of users per computer. Era 1: Era 2: Era 3: mainframe era: one computer to many workers (this era is now over) personal computing era: one person to one computer (status quo) ubiquitous computing era: one person to many computers (just starting) Each era represents a different stage in the physical presence of the computer. Over time, the visibility of technology diminishes. According to Weisner: “the most profound technologies are those that disappear—they weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it” (Weisner 1996).
Setting, layout and furniture of the office geared to work process and its tasks. Hierarchy of space and furniture related to status. Individual allocation of space predominates over interactive meeting spaces. Technology used for routine data-processing Focus on mobility of IT equipment used in a THE EVOLUTION OF THE WORKPLACE 29 terminals in fixed positions served by mainframes. wide variety of settings. Technology used to support creative knowledge work, both individual and group. File servers serve a variety of IT tools, including PCs and laptops, and shared specialized equipment.
Et al. (1998) by permission of BRE. 7 Implications of new ways of working. Patterns of work Patterns of occupancy of space over time Type of space layout, furniture systems and use of space and buildings Use of information technology Conventional office New ways of working Routine processes Individual tasks Isolated work Central office locations in which staff are assumed to occupy individually owned workstations on a fulltime basis, typically over the course of the 9–5 day. The office assumes one desk per person; provides a hierarchy (planned or enclosed); and is occupied typically at levels at least 30% below full capacity.