Download Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam by Robert F. Rogers PDF

By Robert F. Rogers

This abundantly illustrated and richly documented background offers a accomplished examine one of many world's final colonies. Rogers inspires the dramatic yet little-known saga of Guam's humans from the precontact period to Spanish domination, from colonial rule lower than a US naval govt to the large army invasions of worldwide battle II, and on via to the current.

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In hand-carved log canoes, and probably with some form of outriggers and square or lateen sails woven Chapter 2 of natural fibers, these “boat people” began to sail deliberately or accidentally eastward and northeastward, probably during the June–July–August monsoons, with the oceanic currents. p. The seafarers likely carried with them food plants and seeds, such as bananas, taro, breadfruit, yams, betel nut, and coconuts. They had knowledge of fire and pottery, were probably expert fishermen, and navigated by the stars, winds, and currents.

Clans were composed of two kinds of family castes (ascribed groupings into which people were born): one of low status called manachang, or commoners, and a high-ranking one called chamorri who had rights to property. The high and low castes did not normally intermarry and so were not related. There were different rankings among families within clans and between clans, depending on village location, wealth of property, genealogy, and so forth. Chapter 2 The chamorri high caste was composed of two classes (differing from castes in that a person’s status could be changed): the matua (or matao), who were the highest class and from whom the headman (maga‘lahi) and his wife (maga‘haga) came, and the acha‘ot (or achoti) class, members of whom were sometimes related to the matua but had been banished to be acha‘ot because of some serious infraction of custom.

As a consequence, competition in the form of limited warfare increased between villages, as demonstrated by the much larger quantities of sling-stones and bone spear points in middens of latte sites as compared with the pre-latte periods. As in many traditional societies, the basic social unit was the extended family, which could be quite large. The extended family lived in the same village or area, and kinship of relatives was determined through women. The Chamorro mother’s lineage (matrilineage) determined ownership of property and land rights.

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