By Nicole Haley, Ron J May
The Southern Highlands is one in all Papua New Guinea’s such a lot resource-rich provinces, yet for a couple of years the province has been riven via clash. Longstanding inter-group rivalries, in short put aside through the colonial interval, were compounded through pageant for the advantages supplied by means of the trendy nation and by way of scuffling with over the distribution of returns from the various monstrous mining and petroleum tasks positioned in the province or impinging upon it. Deaths from a number of the conflicts during the last decade quantity within the 1000's. because of inter-group battling, criminality and vandalism, a couple of companies have withdrawn from the province. Roadblocks and ambushes have made shuttle risky in lots of components and expatriate missionaries and reduction staff have left. Many public servants have deserted their posts with the end result that country prone usually are not supplied. Corruption is rife. Police are frequently reluctant to behave simply because they're outnumbered and outgunned. This quantity brings jointly a few authors with deep event of the Southern Highlands to envision the underlying dynamics of source improvement and clash within the province. Its basic goal is to supply a few history to contemporary occasions, however the authors additionally discover attainable techniques to proscribing the human and monetary charges of the continuing clash and breakdown of governance.
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Additional resources for Conflict and resource development in the southern highlands of Papua New Guinea
References Kwa, E. L, Gelu, A. and Golman, W. 2003 The Judicial Scrutiny of the Electoral Process in a Developing Democratic State. Waigani: University of Papua New Guinea, NCD. ENDNOTES 1 Although the authors work with the Ministry for Inter-Government Relations, opinions expressed here are personal opinions. Shortage of time and other work-related pressures have prevented us consulting with the minister for Inter-Government Relations and other stakeholders as this paper was being written. This — most emphatically has not been because of lack of respect for their views.
They need to be supported by a functioning administration. However at present there is negligible infrastructure in the western end of the province, so one of he the first challenges is how to encourage public servants back into these areas. It is also difficult for donors to provide service delivery in areas which are effectively under siege, and this is another problem presented by SHP. Places such as Mendi and Tari (the two largest population centres) are difficult to work in due to lawlessness and fighting.
Despite the revenue generated by these resource projects, there is little evidence of the benefits that this wealth might have been expected to bring. Royalties are consistently alleged to have been misused and squandered and far from improving the well being of Southern Highlands communities, these new sources of revenue have created new sources of friction within and between communities, such that Southern Highlanders are now fighting for access to the 16 Introduction: Roots of conflict in the Southern Highlands limited state delivered services and to the benefits and services resource developers can provide.