By Harold S. Wilson
By 1860 the South ranked excessive one of the constructed nations of the realm in in step with capita source of revenue and existence expectancy and within the variety of railroad miles, telegraph strains, and associations of upper studying. simply the foremost eu powers and the North had extra cotton and woolen spindles.
This booklet examines the accomplice military's application to control this filthy rich business base by way of a quartermaster procedure. by means of commandeering greater than part the South's produced items for the army, the quartermaster normal, in a float towards socialism, appropriated countless numbers of generators and regulated the circulate of southern manufacturing unit commodities.
the main arguable of the quartermasters basic used to be Colonel Abraham Charles Myers. His iron hand set the controls of southern production through the struggle. His able successor, Brigadier normal Alexander R. Lawton, carried out the 1st census of accomplice assets, tested the plan of creation and distribution, and arranged the Bureau of international provides in a technique for uploading elements, equipment, items, and armed forces uniforms.
whereas the Confederacy mobilized its turbines for army reasons, the Union systematically deliberate their destruction. The Union blockade ended the effectiveness of uploading items, and below the Union army's common Order a hundred accomplice used to be overwhelmed. the good antebellum production increase used to be over.
shortage and impoverishment within the postbellum South introduced brands to the leading edge of southern political and ideological management. Allied for the reason for southern improvement have been former accomplice generals, newspaper editors, educators, and President Andrew Johnson himself, an investor in a southern cotton mill.
in contrast postwar mania to rebuild, this e-book assessments previous assumptions approximately southern commercial re-emergence. It discloses, even prior to the beginnings of Radical Reconstruction, that plans for a brand new South with an city, industrialized society have been demonstrated at the previous foundations and on an ideology announcing that simply technological know-how, expertise, and engineering may well restoration the zone.
inside this philosophical mould, Henry Grady, one of many New South's nice reformers, led the way in which for southern production. by means of the start of the 1st global conflict part the nation's spindles lay in the former Confed-eracy, domestic of a brand new growth in production and the land of America's staple crop, cotton.
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Extra info for Confederate Industry: Manufacturers and Quartermasters in the Civil War
M Y E R S , Q UA R T E R M A S T E R G E N E R A L whom were refugees from the late Buchanan administration, received official delegations, and made critical civil and military appointments, Myers, with mess mates Adjutant General Samuel Cooper and Surgeon General David C. De Leon, presided over ‘‘the favorite lounging-place in the evenings of the better and brighter elements of the floating population’’ (De Leon 28). Myers’s affluent salon, with its well-stocked tables, attracted ‘‘the newest arrival, if he were worth knowing’’ (28).
Former railroad president Vernon Stevenson and former merchant George Cunningham, quartermasters at the Nashville depot, were responsible for outfitting Albert Sidney Johnston’s army. ’’118 In January 1862, the Tennessee depot secured from manufacturers 153,168 yards of woolens, enough for 25,000 uniforms, and 163,110 yards of cotton goods for shirts. 119 Nashville made more issues in a single month than the Richmond depot did in six. ’’120 His main suppliers were the mills of the Memphis area.
38 Notions of a Northern trade died hard in the commercial community. 40 Getting currency through the lines was a less vexatious possibility. Hay and McDevitt, the Philadelphia agents for the Roswell and Curtwright factories in Georgia, attempted to circumvent governmental regulations by exchanging Southern and Northern due notes in St. 41 Despite some A B R A H A M C . M Y E R S , Q UA R T E R M A S T E R G E N E R A L 15 successes, manufacturers suffered heavy losses. William Gregg, president of the Graniteville Manufacturing Company, wrote that a bankruptcy caused by the secession panic ‘‘just sunk me a considerable sum’’ (Proceedings 13).