By Alfred Schütz
The amassed PAPERS contained during this 3rd and ultimate quantity: experiences IN PHENOMENOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY have been initially released among the years 1953-1958 apart from the paper: "William James's notion of the movement of concept Phenomenologically Interpreted," which was once released in 1941.
I desire to exhibit my deep indebtedness and my hot due to H. L. Van Breda, Rudolf Bohm, Arvid Brodersen, Dorion Cairns, Arthur Goddard, Aron Gurwitsch, Robert Jordan, Frederick Kersten, Thomas Luckmann, Maurice and Lois Natanson and Jacques Taminiaux who all have helped within the guidance of the 3 volumes of the gathered PAPERS and with no whose beneficial information and cooperation this job by no means might have been accomplished.
The papers have been initially released within the following shape: "William James's thought of the circulate of concept Phenomenologically Interpreted," Philosophy and Phenomenological study (hereafter known as PPR), Vol. I, June 1941; "Edmund Husserl's rules, quantity II," PPR, Vol. XIII, March 1953; "Phenomenology and the rules of the Social Sciences (Ideas, quantity III by way of Edmund Husserl)," PPR, Vol. XIII, June 1953; "The challenge of Transcendental Intersubjectivity in Husserl" used to be released in German as "Das challenge der transzendentalen Intersubjektivitat bei Husserl," Philosophische Rundschau, Vol. V, 1957 (note: The dialogue by way of Eugen Fink and the answer by means of Alfred Schutz usually are not integrated within the German paper; although, there's additionally a French translation, by means of Maurice de Gandillac, which does contain that dialogue in addition to the reviews of different discussants: "Le Probleme de l'intersubjectivite transcendentale chez Husserl," in Husserl (Cahiers de Royaumont, Philosophie No. III), Paris: Les versions de Minuit, 1959); "Type and Eidos in Husserl's past due Philosophy," PPR, Vol. XX, December 1959; "Max Scheler's Philosophy," in Les Philosophes celebres, edited by way of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Paris: Lucien Mazenod, 1956 (in French translation); "Max Scheler on Epistemology and Ethics," evaluation of Metaphysics, Vol. XI, December 1957 and March 1958 (note: part D on "Scheler's feedback of Kant's Philosophy," which used to be initially meant to be a part of the essay, has been added); "Some buildings of the Life-World," translated from the German through Aron Gurwitsch, seems in print for the 1st time; Professor Gurwitsch's creation first seemed lower than the identify "The common sense global as Social fact - A Discourse on Alfred Schutz," Social examine, Vol. XXIX, Spring I962. thankful acknowledgment is made to the publishers and editors of those journals and books for permission to republish those papers.
I desire to upload a distinct notice of due to Lester Embree for getting ready the Index and to Mr. G. H. Priem of Martinus Nijhoff for his aid and cooperation. - Ilse Schutz
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Extra info for Collected Papers III: Studies in Phenomenological Philosophy (Phaenomenologica, Volume 22)
The problem of intersubjectivity; 3. the relations of phenomenology to the various sciences, especially to psychology and ontology. Already in the beginning of volume I (section 9) we learned that every concrete empirical objectivity together with its material essence finds its place within a highest material genus, a "region" of empirical objects. To the pure regional essence belongs then a regional eidetic science or, as we can also say, a regional ontology. " Every objective region is "constituted" in the transcendental consciousness.
It does not schematize itself; (b) Material things may, at least as a possibility, remain unchanged whereas psychological life is in a permanent flux; (c) A res extensa may be cut into pieces, the unity be divided into parts. The psyche is absolutely indivisible; (d) The interconnectedness of the material states of things belongs to the sphere of the transcendent outer world of which I have consciousness, that of psychological states to my consciousness itself, that· is, to the immanent flux which alone constitutes the psychological I.
It is then revealed as the "sum cogitans," as the numerically identical, undivided, and in itself unchangeable subject, constituted as a unity of inner time, which functions in all the active (and also passive) experiences pertaining to the same stream of consciousness. As such, the pure ego is the center, the terminus a quo, the pole of all conscious life, of all cogitations in the broadest sense, including actions, affections, theoretical, evaluating, and practical attitudes; the other pole of these manifold forms of intentional relatedness, their terminus ad quem, are the cogitata of these cogitations.