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By Klaus Fischer

Nuclear physics among 1921 and 1947 formed greater than the other technological know-how thepolitical panorama of our century and the general public opinion on actual examine. utilizing quantitative scientometric equipment, a brand new department within the background of technology, the writer makes a speciality of the advancements of nuclear physics in those adolescence paying unique awareness to theimpact of German emigrants at the evolution of the sphere as a cognitive and social harmony. The publication relies on a radical research of varied quotation analyses hence generating effects that are supposed to be extra replicable and extra target. The scientometric recommendations may still supplement the extra qualitative technique often utilized in old writing. This makes the textual content a fascinating learn additionally for the historian in general.

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Extra info for Changing Landscapes of Nuclear Physics: A Scientometric Study on the Social and Cognitive Position of German-Speaking Emigrants Within the Nuclear Physics Community, 1921–1947

Example text

Owing to the disarmament of science and the return of many physicists to normal field work, this is of course true for other fields of physical research including nuclear physics. It is to be expected - although this was not tested - that the expansion and differentiation of research fields after WW II resulted in a corresponding decline of the proportion of articles written by immigrants. After all, the number of emigrants could not easily multiply in a similar manner as the number of resarch fields or the volume of their literature.

4% of all different nuclear physics authors cited in this sub-sample (1147, in absolute numbers) were emigrants. 5% of the authors or coauthors of all different papers (1861, absolutely) cited in 1941. The astonishing conclusion is that emigrant nuclear physicists had evidently been more productive than non-emigrant nuclear physicists. This is even true for the time immediately following emigration. There is a possible caveat that, if valid, might corrupt our argument. The caveat is based on the abstract possibility that emigrant papers might have had a much higher chance of being cited than nonemigrant papers.

Kallmann, R. Samuel, M. Stobbe, G. Plato, M. Strauss. As can be seen from this illustrious list, our omission should not be taken to imply a judgement of scientific excellence. It derives from the purely pragmatic decision to make the table more handsome. Among those just enumerated are many scientists of utmost impartance for other fields. Many of them can be found in the nuclear physics tables presented above, like Fajans, Blatt, Bradt, von Hevesy, Estermann, and Frisch. Others bad been most active in spectroscopy and x-ray crystallography (Ewald, Meissner, Minkowski, Pringsheim, Spaner), palymer-chemistry (Mark) solid-state research (von Hippel), lowtemperature physics (Polanyi), molecular biology (Delbruck), chemistry (Haber), aerodynamics (R.

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