By John Clearwater
"We are therefore not just the 1st nation on this planet with the aptitude to supply nuclear guns that selected to not accomplish that, we're additionally the 1st nuclear armed state to have selected to divest itself of nuclear weapons."
Pierre Trudeau United international locations, 26 could 1978
From 1963 to 1984, US nuclear warheads armed Canadian guns structures in either Canada and West Germany. it really is most probably that in the early a part of this era, the Canadian army was once placing extra attempt, cash, and manpower into the nuclear dedication than the other unmarried job. this significant publication is an operational-technical heritage and exposÈ of this period.
Its goal is to compile until-recently mystery information regarding the character of the nuclear arsenal in Canada, and mix it with recognized information regarding the structures within the US nuclear arsenal. The paintings starts with an account of the efforts of the Pearson executive to signal the contract with the united states essential to convey nuclear guns to Canada. next chapters offer an in depth dialogue of the 4 nuclear guns structures deployed by way of Canada: the BOMARC surface-to-air guided interceptor missile; the sincere John brief variety battlefield rocket; the Starfighter tactical thermonuclear bomber; the VooDoo-Genie air defence procedure. every one bankruptcy additionally features a part at the injuries and incidents which happened whereas the guns have been at Canadian websites. the ultimate bankruptcy covers the eventually futile efforts of the Maritime Air Command and the Royal Canadian military to procure nuclear guns. An appendix comprises the textual content of the until-now mystery agreements Canada signed with america for the availability of nuclear weapons.
Illustrated all through with images and diagrams, and supported by means of broad transcriptions of unique records, Canadian Nuclear Weapons should be of significant worth either to students and laypersons in its presentation of what has been a deeply hidden mystery of Canadian political and army history.
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Extra resources for Canadian Nuclear Weapons: The Untold Story of Canada's Cold War Arsenal
48 The final agreement, printed in the Appendix, clearly contains no military secrets, as it was simply the political agreement which would allow for the service-to-service technical arrangements which would bring the warheads to Canada. Tommy Douglas did not believe Canada needed nuclear weapons, and he did not believe the Pearson Government should hide what they were doing from the people. Three days later Douglas again asked for the agreement to be tabled, noting that the even more secretive British government had tabled the 6 April 1964 "Polaris" agreement in the House.
Furthermore, we are not bound by the present circumstances for all time. If we wished to play a different role this could be negotiated and implemented over a period of years in a responsible way. Now, however, we must uphold the honour and dignity of our word as a nation. RECOMMENDATION — In view of the circumstances, particularly the fact that we as a nation have undertaken, of our own free will, certain commitments which we are now expected to fulfil, and the implementation of which is now a critical necessity in the alliance of which we are a part, I recommend that the Liberal Party state categorically that Canada should sign a bi-lateral agreement with the United States and fulfil its commitments forthwith.
The Cabinet Defence Committee discussed possible press releases and contingency statements, and carefully vetted each and every word in the draft texts for public release. During the 16 July discussion, the sections of the text referring to the secret nature of the agreement and the fact that Canada was joining the nuclear weapons club were removed. "35 The government did not want to place itself in a position whereby it would have to reveal secret agreements, even in closed sessions of a Parliamentary committee: this would violate the British Parliamentary tradition of preserving the absolute secrecy of the Privy Council Office, even on matters concerning the entire nation.