By Morris Low
Within the past due 19th century, the japanese launched into a application of westernization within the desire of establishing a powerful and sleek country. technology, know-how and medication performed a big half, exhibiting eu international locations that Japan used to be an international energy beneficial of recognize. yet how well-organized was once the country and the way shut have been government-business family members? The e-book seeks to reply to those questions and others.
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The background of recent jap schooling is the 1st account in English of the development of a countrywide tuition process in Japan, as defined within the 1872 rfile, the Gakusei. Divided into 3 components tracing many years of switch, the e-book starts by way of exploring the feudal heritage for the Gakusei throughout the Tokugawa period which produced the preliminary leaders of contemporary Japan.
Accelerating seismic job in past due Meiji Japan climaxed within the mythical nice Nobi Earthquake of 1891, which rocked the most island from Tokyo to Osaka, killing millions. sarcastically, the earthquake introduced down many "modern" constructions equipped at the recommendation of overseas architects and engineers, whereas leaving definite conventional, wood ones status.
This scarce antiquarian e-book is a facsimile reprint of the unique. because of its age, it might comprise imperfections resembling marks, notations, marginalia and incorrect pages. simply because we think this paintings is culturally very important, we've got made it to be had as a part of our dedication for shielding, protecting, and selling the world's literature in cheap, prime quality, sleek variants which are precise to the unique paintings.
During this e-book the authors systematically handle the most typical stereotypes or myths approximately jap schooling which are at the moment being circulated within the renowned press, educating magazines and academic examine journals. The authors convey how arguments approximately Japan are used to extra political ends in the American academic debate.
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Additional resources for Building a Modern Japan: Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Meiji Era and Beyond
If the factors leading to the formation of the “poison” and the mechanism of its entry into the human body were known, then a prevention of the disease would be possible, even if the exact “nature of the disease poison” (bypdoku no honsei) could not be fully understood. This pragmatic approach based not on a search for the cause, but the factors contributing to causation seemed justified to Ikeda and Miyake as they noted that even in Europe, the nature of many epidemic infectious diseases was not yet fully grasped.
Individual physicians from both conceptual camps involved in beriberi research repeatedly stated that they regarded their work as being of national importance. However, perceiving the control of beriberi as a precondition for military preparedness was not peculiar to the Japanese. 94 The Dutch colonial authorities in Indonesia, for example, saw “conquering beri-beri [. 95 In Japan, the physicians at the state’s Beriberi Hospital also sought to find a cause whose removal would allow the control of the disease—a necessary cause.
Yamashita, Meijiki ni okeru kakke no rekishi, pp. 89, 335–336. 13. , pp. 24–27, 43. 14. Kpseishp Imukyoku, Isei hyakunenshi shiryphen (Hundred Year History of the Medical Law: Sources) (Tokyo: Gypsei, 1976), pp. 52–53. 15. Oberländer, Zwischen Tradition und Moderne, pp. 86–92. 16. Yamashita, Meijiki ni okeru kakke no rekishi, pp. 260–261. 17. : Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1995), p. 188. B B 33 18. , p. 188. 19. Kashimura Seitoku, “Kakke-ron” (On Beriberi), Tpkyp iji shinshi (Tokyo Medical Journal) April 10, 1878, 16: 5–13; here pp.