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By Morris Low

Within the past due 19th century, the japanese launched into a application of westernization within the desire of establishing a powerful and sleek country. technology, know-how and medication performed a big half, exhibiting eu international locations that Japan used to be an international energy beneficial of recognize. yet how well-organized was once the country and the way shut have been government-business family members? The e-book seeks to reply to those questions and others.

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If the factors leading to the formation of the “poison” and the mechanism of its entry into the human body were known, then a prevention of the disease would be possible, even if the exact “nature of the disease poison” (bypdoku no honsei) could not be fully understood. This pragmatic approach based not on a search for the cause, but the factors contributing to causation seemed justified to Ikeda and Miyake as they noted that even in Europe, the nature of many epidemic infectious diseases was not yet fully grasped.

Individual physicians from both conceptual camps involved in beriberi research repeatedly stated that they regarded their work as being of national importance. However, perceiving the control of beriberi as a precondition for military preparedness was not peculiar to the Japanese. 94 The Dutch colonial authorities in Indonesia, for example, saw “conquering beri-beri [. 95 In Japan, the physicians at the state’s Beriberi Hospital also sought to find a cause whose removal would allow the control of the disease—a necessary cause.

Yamashita, Meijiki ni okeru kakke no rekishi, pp. 89, 335–336. 13. , pp. 24–27, 43. 14. Kpseishp Imukyoku, Isei hyakunenshi shiryphen (Hundred Year History of the Medical Law: Sources) (Tokyo: Gypsei, 1976), pp. 52–53. 15. Oberländer, Zwischen Tradition und Moderne, pp. 86–92. 16. Yamashita, Meijiki ni okeru kakke no rekishi, pp. 260–261. 17. : Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1995), p. 188. B   B  33 18. , p. 188. 19. Kashimura Seitoku, “Kakke-ron” (On Beriberi), Tpkyp iji shinshi (Tokyo Medical Journal) April 10, 1878, 16: 5–13; here pp.

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