Download Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists by John Daintith, Sarah Mitchell, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek PDF

By John Daintith, Sarah Mitchell, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek Gjertsen

This finished compendium brings jointly 2200 scientists who've made very important contributions to the large global of technological know-how. instead of a Who’s-Who type laundry record, this elementary source offers crucial biographical info and specializes in medical fulfillment. certainly, it truly is as a lot a booklet approximately technological know-how because it is set the striking scientists who include the field.

Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists concentrates at the 'traditional pure’ sciences of physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, and the earth sciences. It additionally covers medication and arithmetic and contains a choice of those who have made very important contributions to engineering, know-how, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy.

Contains extra Biographies than different Comparably Sized Titles

Written via a famous authority within the box, the easy prose eases readers into subtle ideas, like summary arithmetic and glossy theoretical physics. The e-book highlights all Nobel Prize winners and renowned scientists akin to Keith Campbell, Ian Wilmut, and John Nash. Compiled in A-Z variety, this paintings is the authoritative quantity of its style.

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Unfortunately for Auer, his © 2009 by Market House Books Ltd. 30 invention was too late for, in 1879, EDISON had managed to burn an electric bulb for 40 continuous hours. Later, in 1898, Auer tried to improve the electric lamp by replacing its carbon filament by metallic osmium, which has a melting point of 2,700°C. Once more he failed, for the future lay with tungsten, which has a higher melting point of 3,410°C. He was more successful with the so-called Auer metal – an alloy consisting mainly of cerium with other lanthanoid elements.

He proposed the quinone theory of color and the work carried out by his school on orientation and isomeric change in naphthalene derivatives, although little regarded in Britain, was of fundamental importance to the German dyestuffs industry. Arnald of Villanova (c. 1235–1313) Spanish alchemist Arnald (ar-nald), who was born in Valencia, Spain, was educated in Paris and Montpellier, and studied medicine at Naples. He became a famous physician much in demand by popes and monarchs. In 1285 he became a professor at the University at Montpellier, but came into conflict with the Church in 1299 and was charged with heresy in Paris.

Also, Plutarch quotes a letter from Alexander rebuking his former tutor for publishing his Metaphysics and revealing to all what had been privately and, he assumed, exclusively taught to him. Following Alexander’s accession to the throne of Macedon in 335 Aristotle returned to Athens to found his own school, the Lyceum. When, however, Athens, with little cause to love the power of Macedon, heard of the death of Alexander (323) they turned against Aristotle © 2009 by Market House Books Ltd. and accused him, as they had SOCRATES earlier in the century, of impiety.

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