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Additional resources for Between Description and Interpretation: The Hermeneutic Turn in Phenomenology
115 The underlying presupposition in Ricoeur’s work is his “presupposition of meaning” (or “postulate of meaningfulness”), which he formulates thus: It must be supposed that experience in all its fullness…has an expressibility (dicibilité) in principle. Experience can be said, it demands to be said. To bring it to language is not to change it into something else, but, in articulating and developing it, to make it become itself. ” (OI, 196) Ricoeur’s dual concern with meaning and existence116 makes for an overarching thematic unity to his work; as “a hermeneutics of the ‘I am,’” its focus has consistently been on the issues of subjectivity and self-understanding.
RAS, 111]) To employ a Husserlian expression, the human sciences (Geisteswissenschaften) can be viewed, to a great extent, as being so many “regional” hermeneutics; as interpretive sciences (die verstehenden Wissenschaften), it is the function of the human sciences to bring general hermeneutic theory to bear on the different realms of human action and endeavor in an interpretive attempt to discern the meaning of human being-in-the-world that transpires in these various lifeworlds. To a significant extent, the various human sciences are nothing other than “applied hermeneutics,” “extensions” of hermeneutics to the domain of practice (philosophical hermeneutics, from this point of view, being not a regional but a 36 transcendental discipline).
J. , On Narrative (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981). 134 Immanuel Kant, Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View, Preface. ” Essences are not “metaphysical entities” (see PriP, 10); they do not exist, Platonic-wise, in rem, nor, for that matter, are they, as Husserl thought in his quasi-Platonism, things (of a quasi-sort) that can be directly intuited by means of an “eidetic insight” (Wesenschau). , narration or story-telling, it appears to the story-teller to have unfolded: Wesen ist was gewesen ist, as Hegel remarked.