By Grady McWhiney
Spring, 1864 . . . the Civil War's maximum generals face one another within the box of conflict. Ulysses S. supply spurs his military of the Potomac around the Rapidan River as a part of a grand offensive plan designed to overwhelm the Confederacy in one blow. looking ahead to provide and his Federals is the military of Northern Virginia below the command of Robert E. Lee who, for 2 years, has repelled each Union try to penetrate south of the Rapidan. back, Lee foils Federal intentions, quickly awesome Grant's military because it struggles during the tangled darkness of Virginia's such a lot impenetrable wooded area, often called the barren region. With dogged selection unusual to Federal armies battling within the East, provide turns to stand off with Lee. for 2 days the good armies strive against amid the nightmare panorama that might provide this bloody conflict its identify. An soaking up and particular account of 1 of the best battles among provide and Lee, vividly depicted by means of a special historian.
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Extra info for Battle in the Wilderness: Grant Meets Lee (Civil War Campaigns and Commanders)
Page 40 Winfield Scott Hancock's Second Corps, most of the Yankee cavalry, and the long army supply train crossed the river at Ely's Ford. Of the nearly 120,000 men under his command, Grant kept only General Ambrose Burnside's independent Ninth Corps north of the river to protect the railroad to Washington. " "Gleaming Skulls and Whitish Bones" Page 41 Page 42 Soon, however, the whole Union advance bogged down. Grant had expected his army to be near the eastern edge of the Wilderness by nightfall on May 4, but the narrow roads slowed the long lines of men and wagons.
Black troops recognized, but also got his army bottled up at Bermuda Hundred by inferior numbers of Confederates; sent to New York City in November 1864 to prevent possible riots during the election, he managed to preserve order. Lost his army command by failing to cooperate effectively with the Army of the Potomac and by bungling an attempt to capture Fort Fisher. A prominent Radical Republican in Congress from 1866 until 1875, he managed the impeachment of Andrew Johnson; reelected as a Greenbacker to Congress in 1878, Butler became Democratic governor of Massachusetts in 1882; he died at Washington in 1893.
Grant had won a major victory, which together with the Union's successful siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, cut the Confederacy in two. The Federals had control of the entire Mississippi River. The fall of Vicksburg and the defeat of Lee at Gettysburg restored confidence in the North. The Union navy had closed all the important Confederate Atlantic ports except Charleston, South Carolina, and Wilmington, North Carolina, and these were blockaded by Federal warships. A Union amphibious expedition threatened Charleston, and Federal forces captured Chattanooga and pushed into north Georgia.