By Fred R. Volkmar
That includes contributions from top professionals within the scientific and social sciences, this completely revised and up-to-date new version displays the latest growth within the realizing of autism and comparable stipulations, and gives a world viewpoint at the current kingdom of the self-discipline. Chapters conceal present ways to definition and analysis; incidence and making plans for carrier supply; cognitive, genetic, and neurobiological positive factors; and pathophysiological mechanisms. there's a new bankruptcy overlaying verbal exchange concerns. Interventions reviewed contain the pharmacological, behavioral, and academic, and a considerate ultimate bankruptcy addresses the character of the elemental social disturbance that characterizes autism.
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Extra info for Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders (Cambridge Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
B. Abnormal or impaired development is evident before the age of 3 years in at least one of the following areas: (1) receptive or expressive language as used in social communication; (2) the development of selective social attachments or of reciprocal social interaction; (3) functional or symbolic play. A total of at least six symptoms from (1), (2), and (3) must be present, with at least two from (1) and at least one from each of (2) and (3). g. a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out to other people objects of interest to the individual).
Cases of Asperger’s disorder also appear to be at risk for exhibiting a particular profile of learning disability on psychological testing. This profile of “Nonverbal Learning Disability” (Rourke, 1989) includes deficits in tactile perception, psychomotor coordination, and nonverbal problem-solving in the face of well-developed rote verbal and verbal memory skills; problems in social interaction are noted. The neuropsychological pattern associated with this condition differs from that usually seen in autism.
C. REFERENCES American Psychiatric Association (1980). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 3rd edn. Washington, DC: APA Press. American Psychiatric Association (1987). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 3rd revised edn. Washington, DC: APA Press. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edn. Washington, DC: APA Press. Amir, R. , Van den Veyver, I. , Tran, C. , & Zoghbi, H. Y. (1999). Rett syndrome is caused by mutations in X-linked MeCP2, encoding methyl-CpG-binding protein 2.