By Pieter Dullemeijer (auth.), G. A. Zweers, P. Dullemeijer (eds.)
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The idea of structure implicit in our international this present day, Christopher Alexander believes, is bankrupt. increasingly more individuals are conscious that whatever is deeply improper. but the ability of present-day rules is so nice that many consider uncomfortable, even afraid, to assert overtly that they dislike what's taking place, simply because they're afraid to appear silly, afraid might be that they are going to be laughed at.
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Extra resources for Architecture in Living Structure
As an adaptation to this way of life and these actions, an important alteration could have taken place: the body became more and more flattened. The flattening took place in the dorsal part of the body, supporting the "roof" of the sediment tube. Here the pleurotergites of the (subsequent) arthropodes originated (Fig. 2, 3). Thus the tube was enlarged so that the parapodia gained more freedom of movement for the power stroke effecting the water flow and for more differentiated movements of grubbing and filtering.
Often the muscles are attached to dissepiments, which generate compartments. The body is constructed segmentally. Each segment bears lateral protrusions, the parapodia, partly stiffened by setae. They act in locomotion as paddles or for various different motoric purposes. The fluid of the body cavity, the coelom, as well as the contents of the intestinal tract act together as the hydrostatic filling of the system. 4. THE DERIVED CONSTRUCTION: THE ARTHROPOD The arthropod construction is basically also a hydrostatic system.
However, parts of the soft wall are sclerotized forming more or less rigid plates or tube-like skeletal pieces in the rather slender appendages. These plates and tubes may come so close together that they are linked in joints, but the connections between the rigid parts are always constituted by the soft body wall. For all arthropods in all stages the combination of a soft body hydrostatic system and a skeletal muscle system is typical. S. , that the arthropod construction has to be derived from the annelid-like precursor construction.