Download Architecture in Europe Since 1968: Memory and Invention by Alexander Tzonis, Liane Lefaivre, Iane Lefaivre PDF

By Alexander Tzonis, Liane Lefaivre, Iane Lefaivre

This paintings, winner of the 1992 American Institute of Architects Award, surveys and a part many years of architectural initiatives in Europe. It starts with the finishing touch of the 1st commissions embodying the information that sprang out of the exuberant occasions of 1968, and ends with the legit unification of Europe. It contributes to modern debates on structure and will be precious as a resource reference.

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These building methods share a similar fabrication process (three-dimensional surfaces are developed—that is, unrolled or unfolded) to make two-dimensional templates for cutting. As it has for other digital methods, software has enabled and streamlined the translation from three dimensions to two. Modeling programs such as Rhinoceros have embedded commands that efficiently unroll singly curved surfaces. There is also a group of commercially available programs Folding 064/065 from left: Office dA, Fabricating Coincidences, Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1998.

It was a time-intensive enterprise, but this aggregative technique fostered vast figural, imagistic, tonal, and geometric variation. Digital technologies have revitalized the design world’s interest in patterning and tessellation because they afford greater variation and modulation through nonstandard manufacturing, even as they provide an inherent economy of means. Working digitally enables movement from one representational format to another—for example, from digital model to vector-line file to manufacturing method.

The organic form of the theater was built with five hundred unique white polycarbonate panels, diamond-shaped and interlocking to create a rigid structure; because they are simply bolted together, they are easily assembled and disassembled. Forces dissipate across the assembled surface, which encloses the theater space, and the modulated ceiling panels are turned inside out to create skylights and, like keystones, structural stability. The panels are three inches in depth and span more than fifteen feet at the center of the theater.

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