Download Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students Edition 1. by John Middleton PDF

By John Middleton

Booklist/Reference Books Bulletin 20 top Bets for pupil Researchers 2002

Based at the scholarship within the acclaimed educational Encyclopedia of Africa, that's aimed toward collage and graduate scholars, this paintings offers Africa, from Egypt to Cape city and from prehistoric occasions to the current day, in a layout that's inviting to highschool scholars. The 4-vol. set spans many disciplines with its articles on animals, meals, vacation trips and gala's, tribal teams, ecology, track and artwork, alternate and the financial system, geography, faith, folklore, and fossil and skeletal discoveries. (20021101)

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Today, oil and natural gas buried beneath the desert sands provide the basis for the Algerian economy. Oil and gas bring in 95 percent of Algeria’s export earnings and make up a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP)*. Reliance on oil exports, however, has made the economy unstable. In africa_vol1 1/14/03 9:07 AM Page 19 Algeria Barbary Pirates In the 1500s Algeria was a province of the Ottoman Empire, based in Turkey. Algiers became a center for pirates, led by two brothers who were captains in the Turkish navy.

Mining plays a very important role in Angola’s economy. The country’s principal exports are petroleum and diamonds. Petroleum alone, most coming from Cabinda, accounts for more than 90 percent of Angola’s export income. Although Angola’s iron mines have been inactive since 1975, the nation produces other minerals including phosphates, manganese, and copper. The country also has deposits of natural gas. HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT In ancient times, hunting and gathering societies inhabited the area that is now Angola.

Savanna tropical or subtropical grassland with scattered trees and drought-resistant undergrowth The Highland Plateau. South of the Tell are the Tell Atlas Mountains, which stretch eastward from Morocco. Beyond these mountains is the Highland Plateau. Mostly savanna*, the plateau is marked by shallow depressions that fill with water in the rainy season to form salt lakes called chotts. During the dry season, the water in these lakes evaporates, leaving behind salt deposits. Highly prized in ancient times, salt was the original source of Algeria’s wealth.

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