Download Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology: Festschrift in by Alvin M. Weinberg (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker PDF

By Alvin M. Weinberg (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker (eds.)

Our quantity within the annual evaluate sequence in this get together represents a departure from our ordinary perform in that it serves as a Festschrift for Eugene Wigner. Dr. Wigner has gained many honours in his lengthy, large ranging and exclusive profession spanning such a lot of upheavals in civilized existence. The editors and the authors, certainly the entire nuclear engineering neighborhood, will desire to take part a modest yet extra acknowledgement of the contributions he has made to nuclear engineering, no longer least to the morality and professionalism of nuclear engineering in a yr that has raised such overseas issues over defense. It suffices to make a bald assertion of Eugene Wigner's lifestyles and instances the following, for the 1st article of the quantity is a loving appreciation by way of his long-time colleague, Alvin Weinberg, an review of his contribution traditionally in the course of and after the second one international struggle yet both an account of the philosophy which Wigner supplied to the burgeoning occupation. Eugene Wigner was once born seventeenth November, 1902 in Budapest, Hungary and his early education is defined through Dr. Weinberg.

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G. G. Rickover. The faculty were drawn from the staff at the Laboratory, and included several of Wigner's Chicago associates. EUGENE WIGNER AND NUCLEAR ENERGY 25 The oak Ridge School of Reactor Technology greatly influenced the way in which reactor theory was taught in this country. One output of the school was the famous text by S. Glasstone and M. Edlund, The Elements of Nuclear Reactor Theory, which was based on lectures given by Edlund in 1950. Wigner and I wrote a somewhat more detailed account of reactor physics, The Physical Theory of Neutron Chain Reactors, which appeared in 1958.

The High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (HTGR) , as some suggest, to get rid of the basic deficiencies of the LWR? We propose a third approach, namely to stay with the basic LWR technology with its immense experience basis and its in-place fuel cycle infrastructure but to introduce certain new design features. These will practically eliminate the basic weaknesses discussed above - the element of human frailty present in preparing for and handling emergencies and the opportunity for malicious intervention that is an inherent consequence of the reliance on active engineered safety systems.

A. J. M. P. P. P. A. J. M. P. M. J. A. P. A. J. M. C. A. M. P. J. Young EUGENE WIGNER AND NUCLEAR ENERGY x. 39 Books on Reactor Theory and Nuclear Physics Eisenbud, L. , Nuclear Structure, Princeton University press, princeton, New Jersey, 1958. M. , The Physical Theory of Neutron Chain Reactors, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, 1958. P. Wigner, Physical Review 43: 252, 1933. P. Wigner, Physical Review 51: 106. 1937. (3) M. P. Wigner, Zeit. Physik. Chemie 139, p. 439, 1928; H. P.

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