By Kenneth G. Henshall
In an extraordinary blend of complete assurance and sustained serious concentration, this e-book examines jap heritage in its entirety to spot the criteria underlying the nation's development to superpower prestige. Japan's success is defined now not in basic terms in financial phrases, yet at a extra basic point, as a fabricated from old styles of reaction to situation. Japan is proven to be a country traditionally impelled by way of a practical selection to prevail. The e-book additionally highlights unresolved questions and little-known facts.
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Additional resources for A History of Japan: From Stone Age to Superpower (2nd Edition)
Kiyomori now started to establish himself in the capital, perhaps not quite as supreme ruler but certainly in a very powerful position. However, the Taira camp too was divided. Its ranks in fact included a Minamoto, Tameyoshi's eldest son Yoshitomo (1123–60). Yoshitomo was seen by many as the main contributor to the victory over his father, but he felt insufficiently rewarded. As a result, in 1159 he attacked the Taira forces in the capital, but was defeated and killed by Kiyomori. What followed shortly afterwards – whatever the precise details – was to change the history of Japan.
In practice the effect of this was to make powerful families even more powerful, for usually they alone possessed the wherewithal to acquire tools and hire the necessary labour. 18 There is a need to be careful about the term ‘powerful', for in Japan there has long been a distinction between nominal power (authority) and real power. A major noble family based in the capital may well have had sufficient wealth and ‘power' to mobilise resources in order to reclaim land, but this did not mean it had the actual power to maintain real control of that land.
The two Mongol defeats were partly due to the spirited Japanese resistance and partly to their reliance on recently subjugated Chinese and Korean troops, who had little commitment to the Mongol cause. However, the two storms also had an undeniable and very major influence on the outcome. The storm winds became known as shinpu or kamikaze – literally ‘divine wind', reflecting a Japanese belief that Japan was the Land of the Gods and had been protected by them. The same term was later to be used in the Second World War of the suicide pilots who gave their life in the same cause of protecting the nation.