By Daniel Brook
One of The Washington Post's "Favorite Books of 2013"
A pioneering exploration of 4 towns the place East meets West and earlier turns into destiny: St. Petersburg, Shanghai, Mumbai, and Dubai.
each month, 5 million humans movement from the previous to the long run. Pouring into developing-world “instant cities” like Dubai and Shenzhen, those city newbies confront a contemporary global cobbled jointly from fragments of a West they've got by no means noticeable. Do those fantastical boomtowns, the place blueprints spring to lifestyles in a single day on virgin land, signify the dawning of a courageous new international? Or is their vaunted newness a mirage?
In a charming combination of background and reportage, Daniel Brook travels to a sequence of significant metropolitan hubs that have been as soon as themselves fast cities— St. Petersburg, Shanghai, and Mumbai—to watch their “dress rehearsals for the twenty-first century.” knowing today’s rising international order, he argues, calls for comprehending the West’s profound and conflicted impact on developing-world towns over the centuries.
In 1703, Tsar Peter the good individually oversaw the development of a brand new Russian capital, a “window at the West” rigorously modeled on Amsterdam, that he believed may wrench Russia into the trendy international. within the 19th century, Shanghai turned the fastest-growing urban on the earth because it mushroomed into an English-speaking, Western-looking city that simply occurred to be within the some distance East. in the meantime, Bombay, the cosmopolitan hub of the British Raj, morphed right into a tropical London by the hands of its pith-helmeted imperialists.
Juxtaposing the tales of the architects and authoritarians, the artists and revolutionaries who seized the reins to remodel each one of those precociously glossy areas into avatars of the worldwide destiny, Brook demonstrates that the force for modernization used to be at first conflated with wholesale Westernization. He exhibits, too, the ambiguous legacy of that emulation—the start (and rebirth) of chinese language capitalism in Shanghai, the origins of Bollywood in Bombay’s American-style motion picture palaces, the flamable mixture of innovative tradition and politics that rocked the Russian capital—and the way it will be transcended today.
A interesting, vibrant glance from the earlier out towards the horizon, A heritage of destiny Cities is either a vital reminder of globalization’s lengthy march and an inspiring investigate the chances of our Asian Century.
12 illustrations; four maps
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Additional resources for A History of Future Cities
These eras are characterized by the number of users per computer. Era 1: Era 2: Era 3: mainframe era: one computer to many workers (this era is now over) personal computing era: one person to one computer (status quo) ubiquitous computing era: one person to many computers (just starting) Each era represents a different stage in the physical presence of the computer. Over time, the visibility of technology diminishes. According to Weisner: “the most profound technologies are those that disappear—they weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it” (Weisner 1996).
Setting, layout and furniture of the office geared to work process and its tasks. Hierarchy of space and furniture related to status. Individual allocation of space predominates over interactive meeting spaces. Technology used for routine data-processing Focus on mobility of IT equipment used in a THE EVOLUTION OF THE WORKPLACE 29 terminals in fixed positions served by mainframes. wide variety of settings. Technology used to support creative knowledge work, both individual and group. File servers serve a variety of IT tools, including PCs and laptops, and shared specialized equipment.
Et al. (1998) by permission of BRE. 7 Implications of new ways of working. Patterns of work Patterns of occupancy of space over time Type of space layout, furniture systems and use of space and buildings Use of information technology Conventional office New ways of working Routine processes Individual tasks Isolated work Central office locations in which staff are assumed to occupy individually owned workstations on a fulltime basis, typically over the course of the 9–5 day. The office assumes one desk per person; provides a hierarchy (planned or enclosed); and is occupied typically at levels at least 30% below full capacity.