Download A commentary on the plays of Sophocles by Professor James C. Hogan B.A. M.A. Ph.D. PDF

By Professor James C. Hogan B.A. M.A. Ph.D.

James C. Hogan introduces each one play via highlighting particular and interpretive difficulties proper to that play prior to turning to a line-by-line research. the road research is entire, starting from the meanings of phrases and words that pertain to various Greek principles and associations to metaphor and imagery particular to every play in addition to plots and borrowings from prior poetry, kinds, and characterizations.Along along with his exam of the seven extant performs of Sophocles in English translations, Hogan presents a common creation to the theatre in Sophocles’ time, discussing staging, the conventions of the Greek theatre, the textual content of the performs, and mythology and faith.

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Although ancient biographical learning is seldom completely trustworthy, Sophocles' popularity and civic-mindedness seem more secure than most such traditions. Sophocles' career began when Aeschylus was still writing and directing for the theater, and for the last fifty years of his life he competed with Euripides, who died in 406, less than a year before Sophocles himself. ). He was the friend of Herodotus and Pericles, watched the building of the Parthenon, attended the plays of Aristophanes, and was a contemporary of the Sophists and Socrates.

Man sees what is unexpected and outside his own control. He attributes the often violent effect on his fortunes to some personal agency. That does not mean that human agency is totally controlled by gods or daimons, only that they may explain the otherwise Page 14 inexplicable. Deianira knows full well that she has made a mistake in trusting the centaur's advice. No daimôn made her do it. Choice is clear in the exchange between Ismene and Antigone: Ismene Oh my poor sister. How I fear for you! Antigone For me, don't borrow trouble.

Both Sophocles and Euripides greatly extended the psychological dimension of these stories. All of the plays are in some way political, but for the most part the problems have moved beyond Homer's ken. The Homeric Ajax has become a civic hero before Sophocles' play is staged, and that historical fact gives the hero's lot a special poignancy for the Athenian spectators. Myth tends to emphasize individualism; in tragedy man is a political animal, a citizen of a particular social organization that makes demands, expects his loyalty, and asserts paramount claims on his values.

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